Arturo Toscanini (born March 25, 1867, in Parma, Emilia-Romagna, Italy; died January 16, 1957 in the Bronx, New York City, New York) was an Italian conductor; as such he was one of the most acclaimed musicians of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. He was renowned for his brilliant intensity, his restless perfectionism, his phenomenal ear for orchestral detail and sonority, and his photographic memory. As music director of the NBC Symphony Orchestra, he became a household name through his radio and television broadcasts and many recordings of the operatic and symphonic repertoire. He is widely considered to have been one of the greatest conductors of the 20th century.
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